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OIL & GAS PRODUCTION HANDBOOK DOWNLOAD

Posted by Antony Thomas at Tuesday, March 13, 2012


OIL & GAS PRODUCTION HANDBOOK DOWNLOAD

An introduction to Oil and Gas production


CONTENTS
1 Introduction. 4
2 Process overview  6
2.1 Facilities  7
2.1.1 Onshore 8
2.1.2 Offshore . 9
2.2 Main Process Sections. 12
2.2.1 Wellheads  12
2.2.2 Manifolds/gathering. 12
2.2.3 Separation  13
2.2.4 Gas compression 14
2.2.5 Metering, storage and export . 15
2.3 Utility systems. 16
3 Reservoir and Wellheads  17
3.1 Crude oil and Natural gas 17
3.1.1 Crude Oil . 17
3.1.2 Natural Gas  18
3.1.3 Condensates . 19
3.2 The Reservoir  19
3.3 Exploration and Drilling 21
3.4 The Well 24
3.4.1 Well Casing . 25
3.4.2 Completion  26
3.5 Wellhead . 27
3.5.1 Subsea wells  29
3.5.2 Injection. 30
3.6 Artificial Lift . 30
3.6.1 Rod Pumps. 31
3.6.2 Downhole Pumps. 31
3.6.3 Gas Lift  32
3.6.4 Plunger Lift 33
3.7 Well workover, intervention and stimulation. . 33
3.8 Unconventional sources of oil and gas  35
3.8.1 Extra Heavy Crude  35
3.8.2 Tar sands 36
3.8.3 Oil Shale  36
3.8.4 Coal, Coal Gasification and Liquefaction 37
3.8.5 Methane Hydrates  37
3.8.6 Biofuels 38
3.8.7 Hydrogen . 38
4 The Oil and Gas Process. 40
4.1 Manifolds and Gathering. 42
4.1.1 Pipelines, and Risers  42
4.1.2 Production, test and injection manifolds 42
4.2 Separation 43
4.2.1 Test Separators and Well test. 43
4.2.2 Production separators. 43
4.2.3 Second stage separator. 45
4.2.4 Third stage separator 45
4.2.5 Coalescer . 46
4.2.6 Electrostatic Desalter . 46
4.2.7 Water treatment . 46
4.3 Gas treatment and Compression 48
4.3.1 Heat exchangers. 48
4.3.2 Scrubbers and reboilers 49
4.3.3 Compressor anti surge and performance 50
4.3.4 Gas Treatment 54
4.4 Oil and Gas Storage, Metering and Export . 54
4.4.1 Fiscal Metering  54
4.4.2 Storage . 57
4.4.3 Marine Loading . 58
4.4.4 Pipeline terminal 58
5 Utility systems  59
5.1 Control and Safety Systems  59
5.1.1 Process Control 59
5.1.2 Emergency Shutdown and Process Shutdown . 62
5.1.3 Control and Safety configuration. 63
5.1.4 Fire and Gas Systems. 65
5.1.5 Telemetry / SCADA  66
5.1.6 Condition Monitoring and Maintenance Support  67
5.1.7 Production Information Management Systems (PIMS) . 68
5.1.8 Training Simulators . 69
5.2 Power generation and distribution. 69
5.3 Flare and Atmospheric Ventilation . 71
5.4 Instrument air  72
5.5 HVAC . 72
5.6 Water Systems. 73
5.6.1 Potable Water. 73
5.6.2 Seawater. 73
5.6.3 Ballast Water . 73
5.7 Chemicals and Additives. 74
5.8 Telecom. 77
6 Units 78
7 Acronyms 80
8 References. 82






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PIPING HANDBOOK DOWNLOAD PDF

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